Heath & Yardley

The information below was given to Yvette Davis by James Heath via e-mail on 9/4/1999:

Andrew Heath emigrated to America from Staffordshire, England. He arrived in the Delaware Bay on September 28th, 1682 with William Yardley, his wife Jane Heath, and their children: Enoch, Thomas and William. They were passengers on the ship "Friends' Adventure." They were a part of William Penn's Colony. Andrew was an indentured servant to Yardley, a minister among the Friends (Quakers) who had been imprisoned several times in England. Andrew was possibly a nephew to Mrs. Yardley. Jane had two sisters, Ann and Margaret and a brother Robert who had emigrated from England. They were the children of Richard Heath of Kin(g)sley, Staffordshire.

Jane Heath and William Yardley were married at the Staffordshire Monthly Meeting on December 30th, 1663. William was born in 1632 died on July 5th, 1693. William led an active life in the community, serving in the assembly in 1682-1683; on the Provincial Council in 1688-1689, as a Justice of the Peace and Judge of Common Pleas in 1685-1689 and as a Sheriff from 1690-1693. He was also a minister of the Falls Monthly Meeting. Jane died on August 28th, 1691. Their children all died during the epidemic of 1702/03.

The following is from the "Heath Family Tree" on Tribal Pages and is open for discussion.

Anne Heath who married James Harrison was born February 13, 1624 parents unknown. and her two sisters Jane and Margaret known as Margery, are from Horton ?
Now there are 2 Richard Heaths born around the same time and baptised at Kingsley.
one bapt 23 May 1619 son of Thomas and Jane
and the other bapt 15 June 1 622 son of Robert and Ann
one of which married Alice Daniell 20 Feb 1651 Burslem.
children as entered on IGI
Alice bapt 5 Oct 1661 Kingsley d/o Richard and Allis
John bapt 11 Feb 1658 Kingsley s/o Richard and Alice
Ann bapt 17 Dec 1659 Kingsley d/o Richard and Ales
Solomon bapt 30 May 1659 Kingsley s/o Richard
Philip bapt 2 Dec 1656 Kingsley s/o Richard
Elizabeth bapt 20 June 1656 Kingsley d/o Richard
and Robert bapt 16 Dec 1654 Kingsley s/o Richard married Susanna Woolrich
all of it is open to discussion.

Andrew Heath who was bonded to William Yardley not sure who he was.

Now back to the original email.

Ann Heath, of Horton, Staffordshire, married James Harrison of Kendal, Westmoreland, on July 1st, 1655. James was also a Quaker minister. They sailed from Liverpool on September 7th, 1682 and arrived in Choptank, Maryland on November 2nd aboard the ship "Submission" due to the dishonesty of the Captain, James Settle. They arrived in Bucks County in the Spring of 1683. Ann was born February 18th, 1623/24 and died on March 5th, 1689/90. James was born in 1628 and died on October 8th, 1687. Their daughter Phoebe and her husband Phineas Pemberton came on the same ship with their children Abigail and Joseph and Phineas' father, Ralph Pemberton. Phoebe was born on April 7th, 1660 and died on October 30th, 1696. Phineas was born on January 30th, 1649/50 and died on March 1st, 1701/02. Joseph was born on May 11th, 1682 and died in November of 1702. Ralph was born on January 3rd, 1610/11 and died on July 17th, 1687. James' mother Agnes, wife of Immanuel Harrison, also came with them. She was born in 1601 and died on August 8th, 1687. They are all buried in the family graveyard four miles south of Morrisville, Bucks County, on the mainland near the Delaware River, opposite Bile's Island, except for Abigail, who was born in 1679.
The servants that they brought with them on the "Submission" were Joseph Steward, Allis Dickerson, Jane Lyon, Joseph Mather and Elizabeth Bradbury. Phineas' servant William Smith, came over on the "Friends' Adventure."

Margaret (also known as Margery) Heath of Horton, Staffordshire, married Thomas Janney, son of Thomas Janney and Elizabeth Worthington, at James Harrison's Pownel Fee on November 24th, 1660. Thomas was baptized at Stiall, Cheshire, England on January 11th, 1634. Thomas was also a Quaker minister, who traveled widely for religious purposes. While on such a trip, he died on February 12th, 1696/97 and was buried at Mobberly, Cheshire, England. Margaret died sometime between 1697 and 1700. In 1682, they purchased a tract of land containing 250 acres in Pennsylvania. They arrived on November 29th, 1683 aboard the ship "Endeavor" with their children Jacob, Thomas, Abel and Joseph and their servants John Neild and Hannah Falkner. Thomas was a Provincial Councilor from 1683 to 1686.

Robert Heath married Susanna Woolrich, daughter of Thomas Woolrich, Sr., on January 14th, 1681/82 at the Staffordshire Monthly Meeting. They arrived around March 11th, 1700, in which a certificate of removal was granted from the Staffordshire Monthly Meeting to William and Rosamon Till, who were coming to America "in care of our friends Robert Heath and his wife who came along ye same voyage." Robert purchased 1000 acres in Bucks County from his brother-in-law Thomas Woolrich, Jr., on April 9th, 1700, which includes the present day town of New Hope, Pennsylvania. Per his agreement with William Penn, Robert built a gristmill where Suggan (Sugan) Road crosses Old York Road about 1702. He called it Tean-Mill, after the English town where he lived, but is now known as the Heath Mill. He died in the summer of 1710. Their children were Susanna, born October 12th, 1682, Ann, born September 29th, 1684, Richard, born August 11th, 1686, Elizabeth, born August 5th, 1688, Hannah, born July 5th, 1690 and Mary, born in 1693.
On September 29th, 1686, Andrew was released after four years of bonded service and given 50 acres of land plus wages in Bucks County from William Yardley. They settled in Lower Makefield on a large tract of land later called Yardleyville, now known as the town of Yardley, Pennsylvania.

Andrew's name appears several times in the Bucks County Court Records between 1685 and 1699 as a defendant, witness and lawyer. It was on December 9th, 1685 that Andrew testified that he saw a man sell whiskey to an Indian. His age was given as "about twenty years." This would place his year of birth as either late 1665 or early 1666 in England.

According to "Notes on Staffordshire Families" by P.W. Adams, an Andrew Heath, the son of Roger and his second wife Jane, was baptized on June (April?) 14th, 1667 at St. John The Baptist Church in Burslem, Staffordshire. Roger Heath, the son of William and Margaret Heath was baptized on May 12th, 1619/20 and married his first wife, Mary Simpson, on February 7th, 1652/53. She died in 1665 leaving two sons. Roger married his second wife Jane in 1666. It is believed that this Roger was a descendant of Roger Heath who acquired the Manor of Burslem in 1468 and also of Sir Thomas Heath, owner of Burslem in 1532. Roger and his father William were owners of coal mines in Burslem. The coat of arms of the Heaths of Burslem were Arg. on chevron between 3 heath-cocks- gu- with as many mullets pierced or. Andrew was the first of their children. William Yardley came from Leeke, which is very close to Burslem. Adams makes no further mention of Andrew in Staffordshire, so it is possible that he left for America. It should be noted, however, that none of our Andrew's children were named after the presumed parents or grandparents, which was contrary to the custom at that time.

On February 24th, 1699/1700, Andrew purchased 420 acres of land from John Hutchinson in Hopewell, New Jersey near the Falls of the Delaware (now Trenton), which included the farm owned by Joseph B. Anderson in 1877. This is now a part of Ewing Township, Mercer County.

The Trenton State Hospital is located on a portion of this acreage. In "The History of Hunterdon and Somerset Counties," written in 1881 by James P. Snell, page 184 states that "Andrew Heath also settled prior to 1700, and to him the township (Hopewell) owes its name." An old Hunterdon County tradition states that Andrew Heath and another early settler named John Ringo would greet each other as they passed by. "I hope you're well," stated Andrew. "I am well," John replied. It is more likely, however, that Hopewell and Amwell were named after towns that already existed in England. Of Andrew's land, he purchased 1700 acres of land in Burlington County between the years 1699 and 1702 from his step son-in-law John Hutchinson. On June 15th, 1701, he purchased 400 acres in Upper Freehold Township. On November 11th, 1708, he purchased 200 acres in Gloucester County. On November 22nd, 1713, he purchased 200 acres on the Delaware River from the Mahlon Stacey Estate. On August 14th, 1714, he purchased an additional 472 acres on the Delaware River from the Mahlon Stacey estate.

On November 2nd, 1703, Andrew was appointed interpreter of the Lenni-Lenape Indians by the Council of Proprietors of Burlington County. On January 27th, 1709, at a council meeting held at Burlington, it was ordered that Andrew Heath be summoned to give an account of what he knew of the reports made of a possible Indian uprising. On July 3rd, 1716, at a council meeting in Perth Amboy, Andrew was mentioned as being the only acting governor of New Jersey, as Government was out for the summer sessions.

It was on September 27th, 1705 that Reverend John Talbot, a traveling Episcopal minister baptized four of Andrew's children at the Hopewell Church. They were John, Andrew, Elizabeth and Sarah. They were the children of Andrew and his first wife, Elizabeth Barret Venables Bannor.

Elizabeth was also a passenger on the "Friends' Adventure" with her husband William Venables and their daughters Frances and Joyce. Her brother Thomas also settled here. After William's death on October 17th, 1683, she married Lawrence Bannor. They had a son Lawrence who was born on November 20th, 1685. By August 4th, 1694, she was already married to Andrew when they sold 300 acres of William Venables' estate to Gilbert Wheeler. Andrew, Elizabeth, Frances, Joyce and her husband John Hutchinson sold 416 2/3 acres to John Snowden on March 9th, 1697, indicating that Joyce was already married to John Hutchinson by this date. Elizabeth is last mentioned on March 14th, 1702, when she signed her mark to sell the remaining 220 acres of William Venables' estate to Peter Worrall. Andrew, Frances, Joyce and her husband John also signed the document.

John Hutchinson's will was written on April 10th, 1704. The inventory of his estate was done on May 9th, and his will was proven on June 6th, 1704. Joyce and John had three children, Marmaduke, Isaac and Elizabeth, who were all baptized at the Hopewell Church along with Andrew and Elizabeth's children. John was the only son of Thomas Hutchinson, whose will was written on December 10th, 1689. Thomas owned 5000 acres, known was "Hutchinson's Manor." According to "The History of the Presbyterian Church in Trenton," 2nd edition in 1912 by John Hall, D.D., "Maramaduke did not attain manhood. Isaac was living in Trenton in 1749, after which all trace is lost of him, and of the descendants of Thomas Hutchinson."

On April 20th, 1703, John Hutchinson sold two acres of land to Andrew Heath, Richard Ayre, Abiel Davis and Zebulon Heston for the purpose of building a Protestant church and burial ground in Hopewell. On April 3rd, 1705, Jeremiah Bass, then Governor of New Jersey, gave Thomas Tindall, Robert Eaton (who were to act as church wardens), Roger Parke and Andrew Heath the license to operate said church, known as "Christ Church."
Andrew's name appears several times in the Burlington County Court Book between 1699 and 1709. Andrew's life was not without shame. On November 21st, 1701, Andrew confessed to a charge of committing adultery with his step-daughter Frances Venables. On February 20th, 1702, he was sentenced to pay ten pounds and court costs. He was then ordered to stay out of trouble for one year and one day, and pay a fine of fifty pounds to the king. (Frances is mentioned in Hopewell as early as February 24th, 1693/94 in the widow Alice Carter's will.)
On March 5th, 1705, Andrew and Nicholas Brown were given licenses to keep a common victualling house (operate a tavern). Court was held in Hopewell at Andrew's house and Robert Lanning's in March and September from June 1714 to September 1719. (In June and December, court was held at Maidenhead.) Court was later held in Trenton.

William Yardley's nephew Thomas owned a ferry in Pennsylvania in 1722, known as Yardley's Ferry. It was known as (Andrew) Heath's Ferry on the New Jersey side. On May 1st, 1729, James Gould was its owner and offered it for rent in the "Pennsylvania Gazette." It was described as being on the Delaware River above the Falls. The small stream running through this area, adjacent to the Deaf School and emptying into the river near the railroad bridge was known as Heath's Creek. It is now called Gold's (Gould's) Run.

According to page 398 of "The Early Germans of New Jersey" written by Theodore Frelinghuysen Chambers in 1895, "Tradition says that there were four brothers, of whom one was killed in a quarrel at Trenton, and another removed to Canada." This statement has never been proved. It is more likely that Chambers is confusing Andrew with his great-grandson John Heath (Andrew1, Andrew2, David3, John4) who removed to Canada in 1797 with his family or one of Andrew's grandsons: Nathaniel, Isaac or Charles Pettit, who removed to Canada during the American Revolution as loyalists.

Two other Heaths appear in the Burlington County Court Book. On May 12th, 1687, Joan Heath of Nottingham was brought up on charges of giving birth to a bastard child, who was found dead at the house of Hugh Staniland. She plead guilty to having the child, but not guilty of murdering it. In 1695, John Heath Plaintiff versus Joseph Crosse Defendant in a case over a barrel of tobacco. Their possible relationship to Andrew Heath is unknown.
Andrew's will was written on January 3rd, 1716/17. It was witnessed by John Plumley and Nathaniel Pettit. He must have died before October 3rd, 1720 when the inventory of his estate was done. His will was proven on December 29th, 1720. Thomas Lambart and Robert Eatton, tailor, were the executors of his estate. After Elizabeth's death, Andrew married the widow Hannah Buckingham Clark. She and her three children, Daniel, Samuel and Hannah Clark are mentioned in Andrew's will. It is believed that Andrew and Hannah were the parents of Richard and Martha. Andrew and Elizabeth's children, John, Elizabeth, Andrew and Sarah are also mentioned, and their grandchildren, Elizabeth, Abigail and Andrew Pettit, children of their daughter Elizabeth and her husband, Nathaniel Pettit. Their grandson John Heath, son of their son John and his wife Mary is also mentioned. Andrew's children by his first wife Elizabeth Barret Venables Bannor Heath (1-4) and by his second wife, Hannah Buckingham Clark Heath (5 & 6) were as follows:

1. John was baptized at the Hopewell Church on September 27th, 1705. He received twenty shillings plus a portion that he already received from his father. He died before February 27th, 1724/25, when his wife Mary declined to act as the adminstratrix of his estate. His brother Andrew was appointed on March 1st 1724/25 as the administrator. John and Mary had one son named John, who was living in Amwell as late as September 5th, 1737. On January 28th, 1728/29, an account of John's estate was made by Mary Hunt, the administrix and her husband, Thomas, indicating that she had remarried.

2. Elizabeth was baptized at the Hopewell Church on September 27th, 1705. She received fifteen shillings from her father. She married Nathaniel Pettit in 1708. He was born in Newtown, Long Island in 1676 and came to New Jersey with his parents, Nathaniel Pettit, Sr., and Mary Bayley in the 1690's.

3. Andrew was baptized at the Hopewell Church on September 27th, 1705. He received his father's tract of land at Mazadock. He married Mary, whose maiden name is unknown. His will was written on August 23rd, 1745 and probated on October 5th, of the same year.
4. Sarah was baptized at the Hopewell Church on September 27th, 1705. She is listed as being under 21 years of age when Andrew wrote his will on January 3rd 1716/1717. She was to receive 50 pounds at the age of 21.

5. Richard inherited 600 acres on a branch of the Delaware River called Muskanickunk (Musconetcong Creek). On December 2nd, 1736, Richard married Sarah Wilson, daughter of Samuel Wilson Sr. and Esther Overton. Richard died without a will and the letters of administration were granted unto Mary Heath and Daniel Ketchum. This document states that Mary was Richard's widow. This is very confusing, as Sarah died on March 4th, 1748. On May 16th, 1757, Mary Park, formerly Mary Heath made an account of his estate. According to John Reading's Diary: "April 21st, 1748. Went up to Bethlehem to run around the lines of Peter Smok's Plant: formerly Richard Heath's. John Park to pay for the charges. He married the widow Heath."

6. Martha was under 18 years of age when Andrew wrote his will on January 3rd, 1716/1717. She was to receive 20 pounds from her father's estate when she was 21 years of age. In 1725, she was bound to William Snowden of Trenton, until the age of 18. This would place her date of birth as after 1707.